Below is a graphic outlining how Australian households are using their energy. You can follow the link on the picture to the sa.gov.au page for information on how to reduce your energy consumption.
The Your Home website advises homeowners to reduce their household emissions by: using energy efficient heating and cooling choices, energy efficient hot water, low powered lighting, home automation, renewable energy, batteries, smart meters, in home displays and efficient smart appliances.
Below is a brief overview of how homeowners can reduce their energy consumption in a few of the areas mentioned above:
Heating and Cooling (40% of home energy usage):
- Remove draughts
- Use double glazed windows
- Zone heating systems
- If using central heating and cooling systems limit cooling to 24 degrees in summer and heating to
18 degrees in winter
- If you are designing a new home try to position the house so that it faces north, and incorporate
the use of double glazed windows and insulation.
Hot Water (21% of home energy usage):
- Choose an energy efficient hot water service that heats enough water for your household.
sa.gov.au recommend reducing shower time, utilising efficient shower heads and fixing
For a thorough understanding of water heating energy ratings go to energyrating.gov.au
Lighting (7% of home energy usage):
- Use natural lighting from windows, doors and skylights
- Turn lights off when not in use
- Use energy efficient lighting
If your are considering switching to renewable energy check out this page first.